Is Liquid Soap Better than Bar Soap?
When it comes to skin health and killing germs, should you reach for bar or liquid soap? Here are the advantages of each—and the soap formulation you should avoid.
Bar soap vs. liquid soap: Which is better?
The Covid-19 pandemic has made a lot of us more aware of how often (or not) we wash our hands. After all, hand washing, along with wearing face masks and social distancing, is one of the three pillars of combating the spread of Covid-19. (Learn more about why you should wash your hands.)
It’s no surprise soap has flown off store shelves, becoming nearly impossible to find. The soap and body wash market has seen a 194 percent increase during the pandemic, according to Market Research and Reports. We’re no longer asking how often we should wash our hands, or for how long (for two renditions of “Happy Birthday,” in case you’re curious). Now we’re wondering which is better for skin health and killing bacteria and viruses: bar or liquid soap?
The answer: It depends.
Here’s everything you need to know about bar soap vs. liquid soap, the advantages and disadvantages of each, and the type of soap formulation our experts say to avoid.
What is soap exactly?
The bottle or bar of “soap” next to your sink likely isn’t real soap. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has a strict definition of what “soap” is, and it says that soap must combine fats or oils with an alkali such as lye. Most popular “soaps” on the market—both bar and liquid—are made from synthetic ingredients, so they don’t actually meet the definition of soap.
Not sure which type your cleanser is? If it foams or produces lots of suds, it’s likely synthetic.
(Go the DIY approach and try these natural face cleanser recipes.)
Synthetic detergents aren’t bad for you, and they do work, but many people turn to traditional soaps as a way to avoid chemicals, protect the environment, and support local businesses. (Check out our clean skin care guide for people who hate chemicals.)
Which soap removes more dirt and germs?
When it comes to getting your skin squeaky clean, you can rest easy. The style of soap you use is a matter of personal preference. From a sanitary perspective, as long as they contain cleansing ingredients, it doesn’t matter what form they are in.
“Whether soap comes in a bar or in a liquid form, they are both equally effective at reducing pathogens and removing dirt,” says Rachel Burns, MD, a dermatologist in Edina, Minnesota, and a consultant for Sond Skin, a skin care company that makes both liquid and solid soaps.
(Here’s everything you need to know about antibacterial vs. regular soap.)
Which soap is better for skin health?
This is where it can get tricky, as it really depends on what you’re looking for. We asked our experts to break down different categories of skin care and decide which type of soap is best for that particular need.
Use liquid soap for hydration
If you’re looking to keep your hands from getting dry and cracked, you may have better luck with a liquid formulation. “Bars of soap often have a high pH, which can cause your skin to dehydrate and dry out more easily,” says Dr. Burns.
However, many bar soaps these days are infused with oils and substances that moisturize the skin, says Ryan Smith, an organic chemist and entomologist in Beaverton, Oregon.
(Here are the best products for dry, cracked hands.)
Use bar soap if you want cleaner ingredients
It’s important to be mindful of the ingredients in your soap because many chemicals can cross through your skin and into your bloodstream, says Dr. Burns. The more you wash your hands, the higher the potential for the accumulation of toxic ingredients.
Most bar soaps contain fewer and more natural ingredients than liquid or foaming soaps. (They’re also more likely to be true soaps.) But it’s not impossible to find liquid soaps with similarly clean formulations.
Ingredients to look for include glycerine (a cleanser that seals moisture in the skin) and essential oils (lemon, lavender, rose, and cedarwood oil). Some soaps will also add coconut oil, sweet almond oil, shea butter, or coconut butter to further soften the skin. (Here are the best bar soaps for every skin type.)
Beware of ingredients like triclosan (banned by the FDA in 2018 but still found in some products overseas) and parabens (preservatives that extend the shelf life of cosmetics). People with allergies should also read the labels to scan for words like “fragrance” or “parfum,” which can trigger allergies.
(Here’s everything you need to know about goat milk soap.)
Use liquid soap for minimal contamination
Bar and liquid soaps are equally effective cleansers from an ingredient standpoint. But their packaging might make a difference in how they clean.
Bar soaps generally sit in a damp puddle on the edge of a moist sink or in a soap dish, making them more likely to grow germs. “Bar soaps do harbor germs,” says Smith.
It’s still not 100 percent clear whether those germs transfer to your skin when you wash. There’s not much research on this, though an early study found that bacteria-covered bars of soap didn’t transfer bacteria during washing. But Smith says the germs can transfer to you when you use the soap.
Use bar soap if you have allergies
People with allergies or sensitive skin do better with soaps that contain fewer ingredients—and the ones they do have are more natural. They should also avoid fragrances and colors. That’s usually easier to find in bar soap formulations. “Bar soaps contain fewer chemicals which means less of a chance for a reaction on your skin,” Smith says.
Use liquid soap if you’re sharing
If you share a bathroom with others, the packaging of liquid soap makes it a friendlier option. “Bars of soap have a higher probability of accumulating bacteria and contamination when compared with liquid soap, especially if you live with other people,” says Dr. Burns. “If someone in the household is sick, you can easily pick up their germs if you have both shared the same soap bar.”
Just be sure to clean and sterilize the outside of the bottle regularly. It’s one of the little things people forget to clean but should.
Avoid foaming soaps
Sure, foaming soap is fun, but you may want to think twice before putting a bottle of it next to your sink. “You should avoid foam soaps, as they don’t encourage lathering as well as normal liquid soaps or bar soaps and can make it harder to clean your hands properly,” says Smith.
The bottom line
When it comes to bar soap vs. liquid soap, our experts suggest picking one that will make you the most likely to use it regularly and thoroughly. The best soap also depends on your specific cleaning needs, such as whether you need more hydration or if you’re looking for something that’s environmentally friendly.
Next, learn about the safest dish soaps to buy.
- Research and Markets: "Soap and Body Wash: COVID-19"
- Food and Drug Administration: "Frequently Asked Questions on Soap"
- Epidemiology & Infection: "Washing with contaminated bar soap is unlikely to transfer bacteria"
- Rachel Burns, MD, dermatologist in Edina, Minnesota, and a consultant to Sond Skin, a skin care company that makes both liquid and solid soaps
- Ryan Smith, PhD, organic chemist and entomologist in Beaverton, Oregon